When any organizational entity expands beyond 21 members, the real power will be in some smaller body.-- C. Northcote ParkinsonPolitics is practically inevitable in most organizations.
Politics is the accommodation of individual interests by means not normally sanctioned within an organization. Needs often arise which cannot be handled within given rules and practices, so "adjustments" are often made with an eye to "discretion" and the avoidance of "setting a precedent."
But productivity, too, is far from being an absolute good. Productivity narrowly conceived and overenthusiastically pursued, particularly where resources are scarce, may cripple important organizational capacities.
To examine these issues further, see Productivity, Politics and Hypocrisy in American Public Education